The Adoration of the Lamb - Jan van Eyck. 1432
The large altar in the Cathedral of St. In the central panel we see large groups of people gathered under the radiance of the Holy Spirit to worship Christ, who appears in the guise of the Divine lamb on the central altar surrounded by angels and instruments of the Passion of Christ. In the foreground of the picture is a fountain serving as an allusion to the promise given in the Revelation of John the Theologian that all thirsty will receive water from the well of life.
Jan van Eyck was associated with the high culture that flourished at the court of the Dukes of Burgundy in the early 1400s; his careful attention to detail recalls miniatures in Burgundy's “Magnificent Theology of the Duke of Berry,” performed in a cosmopolitan style around the same time. But in the landscape, which opens in the background of the picture, with cliffs and distant blue hills, features of realism are already visible and the use of an artistic perspective characteristic of High Renaissance painting is planned.
LAMB. In the Old Testament, a lamb, or lamb, was often sacrificed to God; and in early Christian and medieval art symbolized the Passion of Christ and the Resurrection of Christ. In the depiction of the first plot, sometimes the blood of a lamb flowed into the chalice (bowl); in the paintings dedicated to the second plot, the lamb could hold a banner with the image of a red cross on a white background. The attribute of John the Baptist is the lamb - an allusion to the fact that he called Christ "the lamb of God", taking upon himself the sin of the world.
The lamb can also symbolize the flock, the followers of Christ under the protection of a good shepherd, as, for example, on the ancient Christian mosaic of the mausoleum of Galla Placidia in Ravenna.